Tiếng Anh 11 – Unit 1: The generation gap

Tiếng Anh 11 – Unit 1: The generation gap

Part I. PHONETICS

Exercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.

1. A. access B. afford C. brochure D. casual

2. A. behaviour B. determined C. counsellor D. decisive

3. A. donate B. compare C. campaign D. flashy

4. A. experience B. mobility C. independent D. prioritise

5. A. romantic B. solution C. protective D. elegant

6. A. legal B. obey C. forbid D. impose

7. A. constitution B. disrespectful C. sympathetic D. elongated

8. A. generational B. interpersonal C. discrimination D. nationality

9. A. studious B. unite C. mature D. involve

10. A. frustrating B. charity C. impairment D. infectious

Part II. VOCABULARY

Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

11. I live in a/an.with my parents and my elder sister in the coastal area.

A. extended family B. nuclear family

C. extended house D. nuclear house

12. One advantage of living in a/an.is to strengthen relationship between young children and adults.

A. nuclear family B. nuclear house

C. extended family D. extended house

13. In my opinion, family members are responsible for.

A. the housework B. the chores C. homework D. A and B

 

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GRADE 11 – UNIT 1 - THE GENERATION GAP
Part I. PHONETICS
Exercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
1. A. access	B. afford	C. brochure	D. casual
2. A. behaviour	B. determined	C. counsellor	D. decisive
3. A. donate	B. compare	C. campaign	D. flashy
4. A. experience	B. mobility	C. independent	D. prioritise
5. A. romantic	B. solution	C. protective	D. elegant
6. A. legal	B. obey	C. forbid	D. impose
7. A. constitution	B. disrespectful	C. sympathetic	D. elongated
8. A. generational	B. interpersonal	C. discrimination	D. nationality 
9. A. studious	B. unite	C. mature	D. involve
10. A. frustrating	B. charity	C. impairment	D. infectious
Part II. VOCABULARY
Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
11. I live in a/an....with my parents and my elder sister in the coastal area.
A. extended family	B. nuclear family
C. extended house	D. nuclear house
12. One advantage of living in a/an....is to strengthen relationship between young children and adults.
A. nuclear family	B. nuclear house
C. extended family	D. extended house
13. In my opinion, family members are responsible for.....
A. the housework 	B. the chores	C. homework	D. A and B
14. My grandpa is the most conservative person in my family. He never....about way of life.
A. gives his opinion	B. changes his mind
C. gives his view	D. keeps in mind
15. After graduating from university, I want to....my father's footsteps.
A. follow in	B. succeed in	C. go after	D. keep up
16. In a nuclear family, both mother and father have responsibility for housekeeping and.....
A. child care	B. homework	C. childcare	 D. generation gap
17. Four generations living in the same roof will have different....of lifestyle. 
A. gaps 	B. rules	C. manners 	D. viewpoints 
18. Luckily, my parents are always willing to listen to my new ideas. They're very.....
A. profits 	B. issues	C. views	D. merits 
35. Mary has a strong desire to make independent decisions.
A. dependent 	B. self-confident 	C. self-confessed D. self-determining 
36. My mother mistakenly believes that my fashion style breaks the norm of society. 
A. routine 	B. barrier	C. rule	D. conflict 
37. I always look at this matter from a different viewpoint.
A. point of view	B. view from point 	C. idea	D. opinion 
38. We find it unattractive when dress flashily.
A. luxuriantly 	B. ostentatiously 	C. cheaply 	D. fashionably 
39. Consuming too much junk food increases the risk of obesity. 
A. decrease 	B. reduce	C. rise	D. raise 
40. I feel extremely depressed as conflict occurs frequently amongst generations in my family. 
A. comes on 	B. comes up 	C. comes in 	D. comes into
Exercise 4. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 
41. If you live in an extended family, you'll have great joy and get support of other members. 
A. close family	B. traditional family 	
C. nuclear family	D. large family
42. Our mother encourages us to be open-minded about new opinions and experiences
A. optimistic 	B. elegant 	
C. close-knit 	D. narrow-minded 
43. Domestic violence is strictly forbidden all over the world.	
A. permitted 	B. limited 	
C. restricted 	D. prohibited 
44. Jane found herself in conflict with her parents over her future career.
A. disagreement 	B. harmony 	C. controversy 	D. fighting 
45. I can't concentrate on my work because of the noise caused by my children. 
A. focus	B. abandon 	C. neglect 	D. allow 
46. My grandpa's point of view about marriage remains conservative.
A. progressive 	B. traditional 	C. retrogressive D. conventional 
47. Finally, I decide to follow in my father's footsteps to work in state-owned enterprise. 
A. private-owned	B. public limited 	
C. privately-owned	D. government-owned 
48. My grandma usually takes care of us when my parents are away on business.
A. follows 	B. abandons 	C. concerns 	 D. bothers 
49. We greatly respect my teacher for all of the best things that she brought to us.
A. look up to 	B. look forwards 	C. look for 	 D. look down on 
50. I regretted not to buy those trendy shoes through lack of money.
A. shortage 	B. abundance 	C. scarcity 	D. Deficiency
Part III. GRAMMAR 
Exercise 5. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. 
51. All students....wear uniforms at school because it is a rule.
A. should	B. have to 	C. ought to 	D. must
52. You....finish your homework before you go to bed. 
A. must 	B. have to 	C. should	D. ought to 
53. This drink isn't beneficial for health. You....drink it too much.
A. should 	B. ought to not 	C. ought not to 	D. mustn't 
54. This warning sign indicates that you....step on the grass. 
A. shouldn't 	B. mustn't 	C. don't have to 	 D. ought not to 
55. I think you....do exercise regularly in order to keep your body in good shape. 
A. must	B. should 	C. ought to 	 D. Both B and C
56. I will lend you some money, but you....pay it back to me next week. 
A. should 	B. have to	C. must	D. mustn't 
57. Hoa....feed the cats because her mother has done it already. 
A. has to 	B. doesn't have to	C. must	 D. Both A and C 
58. Those audiences....show their tickets before entering the concert hall. 
A. have to 	B. must	C. ought to 	 D. don't have to 
59. The children....spend too much time playing computer games.
A. mustn't 	B. ought to not	C . shouldn't 	 D. Both B and C 
60. In case you're suffered from the injury, you....see the doctor today. 
A. had better 	B. must	C. ought	D. have better 
61. Water park is free for kids under 6 years old, so you....pay money for your son. 
A. have to 	B. mustn't	C. should	 D. don't have to 
62. You look totally exhausted. You....take a rest instead of working overtime. 
A. should 	B. ought	C. must	D. has better 
63. Anyone....have a passport, even a visa when travelling all around the world. 
A. ought to 	B. must	C. should	D. has to 
64. In the peak season, travellers....book their accommodation in advance. 
A. have to 	B. must	C. should 	D. ought 
65. My car broke down yesterday, so I....catch a taxi to the office. 
A. have to 	B. had better 	C. had to	D. has to 
66. We....eat as much fruit as possible in order to get enough vitamins for our bodies. 
A. had better 	B. should	C. ought to 	 D. All are correct 
67. You....tell anyone what I've revealed to you. It's still a secret. 
A. mustn't 	B. had better not 	C. ought not to 	 D. don't have to 
68. If you still want to maintain this relationship, you....behave improperly like that.
A. ought to not 	B. ought not to 	C. mustn't 	 D. don't have to 
69. When playing or swimming in the pool, children....be accompanied by their parents. 
A. should 	B. must	C. don't have to 	D. have to 
70. We....go to work by car. Sky train is a wise choice during rush hour. 
A. ought to 	B. mustn't	C. shouldn't 	D. have to
Exercise 6. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 
71. (A) I will leave the party early (B) because (C) I must (D) studying for my exam. 
72. I (A) stayed up (B) late last night because I (C) mustn't go to school (D) on Sunday. 
73. We (A) ought to not play football (B) as (C) it's raining (D) outside.
74. You (A) mustn't (B) to drive a car (C) if you (D) don't have a driving licence.
75. If you (A) want some useful (B) advice, you (C) have better talk to your parents 
(D) about your problem. 
76. I (A) had (B) stay at home 3 days (C) due to (D) snowing heavily.
77. Because of his (A) poverty, he (B) has to (C) struggling to (D) make ends meet.
78. (A) According to the rules (B) of this game, you (C) had better not (D) drop the ball.
79. If you want (A) to get a higher mark in the next test, you (B) have better put (C) more effort (D) into vocabulary.
80. We (A) shouldn't make an appointment (B) with this doctor. You (C) can see him whenever you (D) want.
81. Look at the sky, it (A) is going to rain. (B) Thus, you (C) must bring (D) along a raincoat.
82. I (A) ought to go home now (B) because I don't want (C) to walk in the (D) dark.
83. (A) As our teacher said yesterday, we (B) ought to not worry (C) about the mid-term test. (D) Take it easy.
84. This competition is (A) optional, so we (B) not (C) have to take part in (D) it.
85. (A) Despite having (B) a little chance to win, you (C) should give up your dream (D) of becoming a star. 
86. The professor (A) told me that we (B) should give this assignment in (C) by Thursday at the (D) latest.
87. What you (A) should do now is (B) to make slides for the presentation tomorrow as we have (C) a little time (D) left.
88. You (A) have to apply (B) for this position (C) as soon as possible (D) since it has only three vacancies. 
89. Ms. Anna (A) will give a fascinating lecture at 8 a.m., (B) so you (C) should (D) be here at 7.45 to check in. 
90. My (A) advice is you (B) have to consider carefully (C) before (D) making the final decision. 
Part IV. SPEAKING 
Exercise 7. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct response to each of the following exchanges. 
91. Would you mind if I opened the windows? It's too stuffy in here. 
A. Yes, of course.	B. No, please do.	
C. I think it is OK.	D. You look so tired. 
92. Could you show me how to get to the nearest train station from here?
A. I'm not certain but it's maybe at the end of the street. 
B. I totally agree with you. 
C. Sorry, I never know you.
D. I'm busy. now. 
93. From my point of view, all family members should share the chores equally.
A. It's a breathtaking view. 	B. You lied to me. 
C. But you're right.	D. There's no doubt about it. 
94. I've been awarded a scholarship to Harvard University. 
A. Just kidding!	B. It's up to you. C. Good job!	 D. Same to you. Thanks!
95. Don't forget to finish your homework before class.
A. I'll do it later. 	B. Not much. 	 
C. It's quite difficult.	 	D. Thank you for reminding me.
96. Thanks a lot for helping me fix the car yesterday. 
A. I'd love to.	B. You're welcome. 	
C. Of course not.	D. I like it.
97. I've seen John at the workshop on communication skills.
A. I see. I'll call him. 	B. The workshop was very useful. 
C. That can't be John because he's in Paris now. D. No, I don't think so. 
98. How do I sign up for the psychology course?
A. You need to fill in the online application form first. B. It's not yours. 
C. The course was full.	 D. Your deadline is May 15. 
99. What's about going to the waterpark? 
A. That's a good idea.	B. That's right. 	C. Of course!	D. I'm sorry I can't. 
100. Hi, I'd like to buy three tickets for the Lost in Fear. 
A. How many tickets?	B. I'm sorry. They were sold out. 
C. We don't like this film. 	 D. You should see other interesting films. 
101. Do you enjoy buying souvenirs?
A. No, I don't. 	B. No, thank you! 	C. Never mind. 	D. No, I am not. 
102. Which show would you like to watch, Madam? 
A. Here you are!	B. No, thanks. 	C. I am sorry.	D. Pardon? 
103. What did you do on Sunday? 
A. No way! 	B. Not much.	C. It was great.	D. I don't care. 
104. I love listening to rock n' roll. How about you? 
A. I can't stand it.	B. I can't help it. 	C. I can't do it.	D. I can't wait for it. 
105. What's wrong with the shirt you bought last week?
A. Oh! What a beautiful shirt! 	B.I wore it last night. 
C. The zip has come off.	D. I've the receipt.
Part V. READING 
Exercise 8. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks. 
 Fathers in today families are spending more time with their children than at any point in the past 100 years. (106)....the number of hours the average woman spends at home with her children has declined since the early 1900s, as more and more women enter the workforce, there has been a decrease in the number of children per family and an increase in (107)....attention to each child. As a result, mothers today in the United States, (108)....those who work part- or full-time, spend almost twice as much time with each child as mothers did in the 1920s. People (109)....raised children in the 1940s and 1950s typically report that their own adult children and grandchildren communicate far better with their kids and spend more time (110)....with homework than they did. 
 America's children are also safer today than they've (111)....been. An infant was four times more likely to die in the 1950s than today. A parent then was 27 per cent more likely to lose an older teen (112)....death. If we look back over the last millennium, we can see that families have always been diverse. In each period, families have solved one set of problems only to face new (113).....What works for a family in one economic and cultural setting doesn't work for a family in another. What's helpful (114)....one stage of a family's life may be (115)....at the next stage. If there is one lesson to be (116)....from the last millennium of family history, it's that families always have to (117)....with a changing world.
106. A. Although 	B. However 	C. Unless	D. Besides 
107. A. isolated 	B. individual 	C. unique	D. single 
108. A. adding 	B. counting 	C. taking	D. including 
109. A. whom 	B. which 	C. who	D. when 
110. A. helping 	B. to help 	C. help	D. on help 
111. A. never 	B. already 	C. ever	D. just 
112. A. in	B. for 	C. to	D. with 
113. A. challanger 	B. challenges 	C. challenging 	D. challenged 
114. A. at	B. for 	C. in	D. by 
115. A. destruction 	B. destroying	C. destroyed 	D. destructive 
116. A. drawing 	B. drawn 	C. draw	D. drew 
117. A. put up 	B. live up 	C. go up	D. catch up
Exercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. 
 Stella McCartney was born in 1972, the daughter of pop star Sir Paul McCartney. She is the youngest of three sisters. One sister is a potter and the other sister does the same job as their mother used to do - she works as a photographer. Stella's brother, James, is a musician. Stella first hit the newspaper headlines in 1995 when she graduated in fashion design from art college. At her final show, her clothes were modeled by her friends, Naomi Campbell and Kate Moss, both well-known models. Unsurprisingly, the student show became front-page news around the world. Stella hadn't been in the news before as a fashion designer but she had spent time working in the fashion world since she was fifteen. In March 1997, Stella went to work for the fashion house Chloe. People said the famous fashion house had given her the job because of her surname and her famous parents but Stella soon showed how good she was. She designs clothes which she would like to wear herself, although she's not a model, and many famous models and actors choose to wear them. In 2001 Stella started her own fashion house and has since opened stores around the world and won many prizes. A lifelong vegetarian, McCartney does not use any leather or fur in her design. Instead, she uses silk, wool and other animal-derived fabrics.
118. Which of the following is NOT true about Stella's family?
A. She has three sisters. 	B. One of her sisters is a photographer. 
C. She is the youngest.	D. Her father is a famous singer. 
119. Stella, Naomi Campbell and Kate Moss.....
A. met for the first time at her fashion show B. are very famous fashion models 
C. had been friends before 1995	 D. all performed at the final show in 1995 
120. Which of the following is TRUE about the show?
A. Everyone was surprised when Stella's show was successful. 
B. The models performed clothes designed by Stella. 
C. The show was the last show of Stella. 
D. There was no one famous appearing in the show.
121. Stella thinks about the kinds of clothes that.....
A. famous people like to wear 	B. she likes to wear 
C. well-known models perform beautifully	D. bring her prizes 
122. The word “lifelong” in the passage is closest in meaning to.....
A. permanent 	B. inconstant 	C. temporary 	D. changing 
Exercise 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. 
 In American, although most men still do less housework than their wives, that gap has been halved since the 1960s. Today, 41 per cent of couples say they share childcare equally, compared with 25 percent in 1985. Men's greater involvement at home is good for their relationships with their spouses, and also good for their children. Hands-on fathers make better parents than men who let their wives do all the nurturing and childcare. They raise sons who are more expressive and daughters who are more likely to do well in school - especially in math and science. 
 In 1900, life expectancy in the United States was 47 years, and only four per cent of the population was 65 or older. Today, life expectancy is 76 years, and by 2025, it is estimated about 20 per cent of the U.S. population will be 65 or older. For the first time, a generation of adults must plan for the needs of both their parents and their children. Most Americans are responding with remarkable grace. One in four households gives the equivalent of a full day a week or more in unpaid care to an aging relative, and more than half say they expect to do so in the next 10 years. Older people are less likely to be impoverished or incapacitated by illness than in the past, and have more opportunity to develop a relationship with their grandchildren. 
 Even some of the choices that worry people the most are turning out to be manageable. Divorce rates are likely to remain high, and in many cases marital breakdown causes serious problems for both adults and kids. Yet when parents minimize conflict, family bonds can be maintained. And many families are doing this. More non-custodial parents are staying in touch with their children. Child-support receipts are rising. A lower proportion of children from divorced families are exhibiting problems than in earlier decades. And stepfamilies are learning to maximize children's access to supportive adults rather than cutting them off from one side of the family.
123. Which of the following can be the most suitable heading for paragraph 1?
A. Men's involvement at home 
B. Benefits of men's involvement at home 
C. Drawbacks of men's involvement at home
D. Children studying math and science 
124. Nowadays,....of men help take care of children. 
A. 50% 	B. 41%	C. 25%	D. 20% 
125. According to the writer, old people in the USA.....
A. are experiencing a shorter life expectancy 
B. receive less care from their children than they used to 
C. have better relationships with their children and grandchildren
D. may live in worst living conditions 
126. Which of the following is NOT true about divorce rates in the USA?
A. They will still be high. 
B. They can cause problems for both parents and children. 
C. More problems are caused by children from divorced families.
D. Children are encouraged to meet their separate parents. 
127. The word "equivalent” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to.....
A. comparable 	B. opposed 	C. dissimilar	 D . constrasting 
128. The word "manageable” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to.....
A. difficult 	B. challenging 	C. demanding 	 D. easy 
129. The word “this” in the paragraph 3 refers to.....
A. getting divorced	B. minimizing conflict
C. causing problems to kids 	D. maintaining bonds 
130. According to the writer, the future of American family life can be.....
A. positive 	B. negative 	C. unchanged 	 D. unpredictable 
Part VI. WRITING 
Exercise 11. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. 
131. Nobody in the class is as tall as Mike.
A. Everybody in the class is taller than Mike. 
B. Somebody in the class may be shorter than Mike. 
C. Mike is the tallest student in the class. 
D. Mike may be taller than most students in the class.
132. I haven't got enough money to buy a new car.
A. I need more money to buy a new car. 
B. I don't want to spend more money on a new car. 
C. A new car is not something I really need.
D. Money is not the most essential issue to buy a new car. 
133. I am really keen on playing sports.
A. I am a big fan of sports. 	B. Playing sports makes me sick.
C. I am not really into sports.	D. I can't stand sports. 
134. “I will come back home soon,” he said.
A. He advised to come back home soon. 
B. He offered to come back home soon. 
C. He promised to come back home soon.
D. He suggested that he should come back home soon. 
135. He prevented his close friend from telling the truth.
A. He forbade his close friend to tell the truth. 
B. He allowed his close friend to tell the truth. 
C. He ordered his close friend to tell the truth.
D. He paid his close friend to tell the truth. 
Exercise 12. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. 
136. My brother speaks too loud. It is really annoying.
A. My brother is speaking too loud. 	
B. My brother likes to speak too loud. 
C. My brother feels annoyed when he can't speak too loud.
D. My brother is always speaking too loud. 
137. There is always conflict between parents and children. However, they still should talk and share things with each other. 
A. Although there is always conflict between parents and children, they still should talk and share things with each other. 
B. There is always conflict between parents and children, so they still should talk and share things with each other. 
C. Unless there is always conflict between parents and children, they still should talk and share things with each other. 
D. Not only there is always conflict between parents and children, but they still should talk and share things with each other.
138. Your parents will help you with the problem. You should tell them the story.
A. Because your parents will help you with the problem, you should tell them the story.
B. Your parents will help you with the problem since you should tell them the story. 
C. If your parents will help you with the problem, you should tell them the story. 
D. Your parents will help you with the problem because you should tell them the story. 
139. Unemployment rate is high. This makes many children move back to their parents' house. 
A. Many children move back to their parents' house, which makes high unemployment rate. 
B. High unemployment rate forces many children to move back to their parents' house. 
C. Moving back to their parents' house suggests that the unemployment rate is high. 
D. It is necessary to move back to your parents' house if unemployment rate is high. 
140. She is an honest person. She is also a very friendly one.
A. She is an honest but friendly person. 
B. She is not only an honest but also a very friendly person. 
C. Though she is a honest person, she is friendly. 
D. Being honest is necessary to become friendly.
The End

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