Cấu trúc Tiếng Anh 11 - Unit 1: The generation gap

Cấu trúc Tiếng Anh 11 - Unit 1: The generation gap

I. STRUCTURES

STT Cấu trúc Nghĩa

1 Agree/ disagree with sb Đồng tình/ không đồng tình với ai

2 Allow/ permit sb to do st - let sb do st

Allow/ permit doing st Cho phép ai làm gì

Cho phép làm gì

3 Be busy doing st

Be busy with st Bận làm gì

Bận việc gì

4 Be independent of

Depend on/ be dependent on Độc lập, tự chủ

Phụ thuộc vào

5 Be kind to sb

Be kind of sb Tốt với ai

Lòng tốt của ai

6 Be pleased with st Hài lòng với cái gì

7 Be related to Có liên quan tới

8 Break rules Phá vỡ quy định, quy tắc

9 Compare sb/ st with sb/ st So sánh ai/ cái gì với ai/ cái gì

10 Complain to sb about st Phàn nàn với ai về việc gì

11 Consist of Bao gồm

12 Distract sb from st/ doing st Làm ai sao nhãng khỏi cái gì/ trong việc làm gì

13 Expect (sb) to do st Mong đợi/ kì vọng (ai đó) làm gì

14 Extended family

Nuclear family Đại gia đình

Gia đình hạt nhân (gồm hai thế hệ: bố mẹ và con cái)

 

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II. LỚP 11
UNIT 1: THE GENERATION GAP
I. STRUCTURES
STT
Cấu trúc
Nghĩa
1
Agree/ disagree with sb
Đồng tình/ không đồng tình với ai
2
Allow/ permit sb to do st - let sb do st
Allow/ permit doing st
Cho phép ai làm gì
Cho phép làm gì
3
Be busy doing st
Be busy with st
Bận làm gì
Bận việc gì
4
Be independent of
Depend on/ be dependent on
Độc lập, tự chủ
Phụ thuộc vào
5
Be kind to sb
Be kind of sb
Tốt với ai
Lòng tốt của ai
6
Be pleased with st
Hài lòng với cái gì
7
Be related to
Có liên quan tới
8
Break rules
Phá vỡ quy định, quy tắc
9
Compare sb/ st with sb/ st
So sánh ai/ cái gì với ai/ cái gì
10
Complain to sb about st
Phàn nàn với ai về việc gì
11
Consist of
Bao gồm
12
Distract sb from st/ doing st
Làm ai sao nhãng khỏi cái gì/ trong việc làm gì
13
Expect (sb) to do st
Mong đợi/ kì vọng (ai đó) làm gì
14
Extended family
Nuclear family
Đại gia đình
Gia đình hạt nhân (gồm hai thế hệ: bố mẹ và con cái)
15
Follow in one’s footsteps
Tiếp bước ai
16
Follow one’s advice
Nghe theo lời khuyên của ai
17
Forbid sb to do st
Cấm ai làm gì
18
Force sb to do st
Ép ai làm gì
19
Get into conflict with sb
Mâu thuẫn với ai
20
Grow up
Bring up
Lớn lên
Nuôi dưỡng
21
Help (sb) do/ to do st
Help sb with st
Giúp (ai) làm gì 
Giúp ai bằng việc gì
22
Impose st on sb
Áp đặt cái gì cho ai
23
Interact with sb
Tương tác/ giao tiếp với ai
24
Judge sb by one’s appearance
Đánh giá ai qua vẻ bề ngoài
25
Learn st from sb
Học hỏi cái gì từ ai
26
Make friends with sb
Kết bạn với ai
27
Make up one’s mind
Change one’s mind
Quyết định 
Thay đổi ý định
28
Objection/ object to st/ doing st
Phản đối cái gì/ làm gì
29
Order sb to do st
Ra lệnh cho ai làm gì
30
Rather than
Hơn là/ thay vì
31
Regardless of
Bất kể
32
Sb need to do st
St need doing/ to be done
Ai đó cần phải làm gì 
Cái gì cần thiết được làm
33
Set a time for sb
Lên lịch/ quy định về thời gian cho ai làm gì
34
Sympathize with sb
Cảm thông với ai
35
Table manners
Quy tắc bàn ăn
36
Try/ do one’s best (to do st)
Cố gắng hết sức (làm gì)
37
Warn sb not to do st = warn sb against doing st
Cảnh báo ai không làm gì
38
Worry about st = be worried about st
Lo lắng về cái gì
II.	PRACTICE EXERCISES
1.	Before we make a decision, we need _______ our options.
	A. to considering	B. to consider	C. considering	D. consider
2.	The Internet has enabled people to _______ with each other more quickly.
	A. interconnect	B. interlink	C. interact	D. intervene
3.	We expected _______ her here, but I guess she decided not to come.
	A. to see	B. seeing	C. to be seen	D. being seen
4.	You’re not allowed _______ when the red flag is flying.
	A. to swim	B. swimming	C. swim	D. to be swim
5.	A(n) _______ consists not only of parents and children but also of other relatives, such as grandparents and unmarried aunts and uncles.
	A. nuclear family	B. nuclear house	C. extended family	D. extended house
6.	Hospitals are being forced _______ departments because of a lack of money.
	A. closing	B. being closed	C. to closing	D. to close
7.	Once he made _______ his mind to do something, nothing could stop him.
	A. over	B. in	C. up	D. off
8.	You need to set a time _______ a family talk and stick to the schedule.
	A. on	B. for	C. with	D. about
9.	My mother always worries _______ me when I don’t come home by midnight.
	A. of	B. about	C. for	D. in
10.	The shopkeeper warned the boys not _______ their bicycles against his windows.
	A. to lean	B. leaning	C. to leaning	D. being leaned
11.	He’s not afraid to learn _______ his mistakes.
	A. about	B. by	C. from	D. with
12.	Your father is very kind _______ David.
	A. with	B. for	C. to	D. in
13.	He’s a very influential person because he can make other workers _______ his advice.
	A. follow	B. watch	C. attend	D. comply
14.	When I was a child, my mother used to teach me table _______ 
	A. manners	B. rules	C. problems	D. norms
15.	Although we like his plan in general, we don’t _______ with him on every issue.
	A. take	B. except	C. agree	D. accept
16.	You shouldn’t judge a person by their _______ because you don’t know their story.
	A. shape	B. dimension	C. appearance	D. size
17.	After graduating from university, I want to _______ my father’s footsteps.
	A. follow in	B. succeed in	C. go after	D. keep up
18.	I quite sympathize _______ you for your losses _______ the stock market!
	A. with - on	B. for - off	C. over - in	D. at - upon
19. The staffs were doing their _______ in horribly cramped and noisy conditions.
	A. better	B. good	C. best	D. well
20.	I got into _______ with Tiffany when she found out that I had started that rumor about her.
	A. warfare	B. discrimination	C. gap	D. conflict
21.	We were very _______ with the high level of participation in the charity events.
	A. please	B. pleased	C. pleasure	D. pleasant
22.	Their parents try to _______ their choices of university or career on them regardless of their children’s preference.
	A. object	B. obey	C. impose	D. forbid
23.	He’s obviously really embarrassed about it because he forbade me _______ anyone.
	A. to tell	B. telling	C. to telling	D. being told
24.	State agencies were ordered _______ all nonessential energy use.
	A. to cut	B. cutting	C. to be cut	D. to have cut
25.	I want to make _______ with all the people I am going to work with.
	A. counterparts	B. peers	C. friends	D. colleagues
26.	Older people _______ of a large proportion of those living in poverty.
	A. comprise	B. consist	C. compose	D. compound
27.	The infection is _______ an injury he suffered last year.
	A. related to	B. interested in
	C. paid all attention to	D. expressed interest to
28.	The $10,000 loan from the bank helped her _______ her own business.
	A. to start	B. being started	C. to have started	D. starting
UNIT 2: RELATIONSHIPS
STT
Cấu trúc
Nghĩa
1
A single-sex school
Trường học chỉ cho nam hoặc nữ
2
An opposite-sex friend
Người bạn khác giới
3
Be anxious about st
Lo lắng về điêu gì
4
Be in a romantic relationship
Quan hệ yêu đương
5
Be reconciled with sb = reconcile with sb
Hòa giải/ làm hòa với ai
6
Be strict with sb
Nghiêm khắc với ai
7
Be willing to do st
sẵn lòng làm gì
8
Be/ get in trouble with sb/ st = have trouble with sb/ st
Gặp rắc rối với ai/ cái gì
9
Be/ keep on good terms with sb
= have a good relationship with sb
= get on well with sb
Có mối quan hệ tốt với ai, hòa hợp với ai
10
Be/ make friends with sb
Kết bạn với ai
11
Break up with sb
Chấm dứt quan hệ với ai
12
Cheat in the exam
Gian lận trong thi cử
13
Confide st to sb
Thổ lộ cái gì với ai
14
Deal with
Giải quyết, xử trí
15
Drop out of
Bỏ cuộc
16
Encourage sb to do st
Khuyến khích ai làm gì
17
Engage sb in st
Lôi kéo ai đó tham gia cái gì
18
Get involved in st
Dính líu tới; tham gia vào
19
Get one’s permission to do st
Xin phép ai làm gì
20
Give sb advice
Cho ai lời khuyên
21
Have a date with sb
Hẹn hò với ai
22
Have confidence in sb
Tin tưởng vào ai
23
In the company of sb
Đồng hành cùng ai
24
Judge sb by one’s appearance
Đánh giá ai qua vẻ bê ngoài của họ
25
Keep secret
Giữ bí mật
26
Lend a sympathetic ear to sb
Lắng nghe ai một cách cảm thông
27
Make jokes about st = make fun of sb
Trêu chọc, châm chọc về điêu gì
28
Meet face to face
Gặp mặt trực tiếp
29
Promise to do st
Hứa làm gì
30
Say hello to sb
Say goodbye to sb
Chào ai
Tạm biệt ai
31
Shout at sb
La mắng ai
32
Sooner or later
Sớm muộn gì
33
Start a relationship with sb = strike up a friendship with sb
Bắt đầu mối quan hệ với ai
34
Stay awake
Thức
35
Stay away from sb
Xa lánh ai
36
Turn into
Biến thành
II.	PRACTICE EXERCISES
1.	My parents were very strict _______ me when I was young.
	A. with	B. for	C. on	D. of
2.	He’s never been _______ trouble _______ his teachers before.
	A. at - to	B. on - for	C. under - of	D. in - with
3.	How could he be so tactless as to _______ funerals when her father’s just died?
	A. make jokes about	B. take a joke
	C. get the joke	D. see the joke
4.	They always kept on good _______ with their next-door neighbors for the children’s sake.
	A. terms	B. relations	C. relationship	D. will
5.	He gets really jealous if his girlfriend _______ a friendship with another man.
	A. stamps out	B. stretches away	C. struggles on	D. strikes up
6.	Instead of simply punishing them, the system encourages offenders _______ their behavior.
	A. to modifying	B. to modify	C. modifying	D. modify
7.	I would _______ that guy if I were you, he has a screw loose.
	A. get away with	B. throw out	C. stay away from	D. give away
8.	She’s been promising _______ back the money for six months, but I reckon she’s just stringing me along.
	A. to pay	B. paying	C. to paying	D. to be paid
9.	Young college and university students _______ helping the poor who have suffered badly in wars or natural disasters.
	A. get involved in	B. interfere with	C. join hands	D. come into

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